Participants of the exhibition "MAN AND WOMAN"
Michalis Manoussakis (Greece)
Michalis Manoussakis was born in 1953
in Crete. Gratuated from the Academy of Fine Arts in Athens (1984), he
started his creative carreer as freelancer. Working in the solitary studio was not enough,
so since 1987 the artist has been teaching in the same
school whose diploma he has in his
Manoussakis has exhibited his work in
Athens, Geneva, London, Nicosia, Thessalonica. Now he lives in Athens.
Manoussakis paints on natural wooden
boards and usually leaves the human body unpainted. He believes that humans and trees have
to fulfil the responsible role of life's continuity.
His heroes are always naked. Clothes
would bind them to a certain era. But as nudes they are bejond time.
The artist uses circle as the male
symbol in which he places the transmitter of life - the
Many of Manoussakis' paintings
reflect the ethic rules of Ancient Greece.
In the summer of 2004 there are 15
Manoussakis' new paintings to be seen in Pärnu.
Nikos Markou (Greece)
Nikos Markou was born in 1959 in
Athens. As youth he studied mathematics at the University of Athens (1978-82), but he
chose artistic photography as a profession. His works of art, perhaps due to his studies
of mathematics, are often based on geometrical composition.
The artist worked as a teacher at
Focus’ Photo School in 1985-98, concentrating afterwards only on freelance
His most important prizes are Press
Photo1984 (Charleroi, Belgium), Air France 1986, Kodak 1990, Fuji-Europe 1993.
Now the artist lives in Athens.
The series "Gas Factory" is
created in 1982. The factory where men had a hard and dirty job, does no longer exist. It
has become the centre of modern art of Athens...
The photo "Triopetra"
belongs to the series "Geometries" and is photographed on the 24th of August
1998 in Crete.
Nikos Navridis (Greece)
Nikos Navridis was born in 1958 in
Athens. He studied architecture at the National Polytechnic University and fine arts at
the Academy of Fine Arts in Athens.
Now he works as a freelance video
artist in Athens.
The most important international solo
exhibitions: Sao Paolo Biennale 1996, Istanbul Biennale 1997, Art Cologne 1997, ARCO 99
Madrid, Venezia Biennale 2001.
His work of two nudes fighing with
balloons "The Traps" was shown in Tallinn in 1998 as a part of an international
travelling exhibition "Medialization".
Nikos Navridis is interested in the
fragrant existence of human life. He often uses audio-video image of human breath to
handle his favourite subject.
"On Life Beauty Translations And
Other Difficulties" in the "Man and Woman" exhibition consists of four
video screens where the developing images are filmed from the iside of balloons. The
spectator can identify him/herself with the substance into which the gods are blowing the
living breath. But as every work of a great artist, this masterpiece of Navridis allows
many possible interpretations.
Kamera Skura (Czech Republic)
The three Czech youngsters don't think it's
important to make their names, years of birth or educational path known.
Their creative group is born in 1996
in Ostrava. The name associates with "kamera obscura" which was the predecessor
of a photo camera. The beam of light which penetrates the narrow opening in a black box
formed an upside down image of the outer world.
The artists of Kamera Skura try to
turn the life upside down or place things vice versa.
Kamera Skura has been in many
international exhibitions. But their greatest success is the breakthrough to Venezia
Biennale in 2003 (together with the Slovak group Kung-Fu) with "Superstart"
where the Christ-sportsman hanging from the starry sky is fervoured by the audience on two
huge screens. It is not yet possible to exhibit this complicated installation in Pärnu
but we hope to show the artwork after the second stage of reconstruction.
Kamera Skura also shows colour photo
series "Movie Stars", black and white series "Total Bruntal", a sketch
photo for "Superstart" and videoinformation about the installation.
Jaan Toomik was born in 1961 in
He studied painting in the Estonian
Academy of Arts in 1985-91.
Since 1995 he works as a drawing
teacher in the same academy.
Now he lives in Tallinn where he
paints and works as a video artist.
The most important international
exhibitions where Jaan Toomik has shown his work:
Sao Paolo Biennale 1994
Art Cologne 1995
ARS 95, Helsinki
Santa Fe Biennale 1997
Venezia Biennale 1997 ja 2003
Jaan Toomik is a tenderhearted artist
whose artwork conceals many lower layers. His installations drag the cover from the
superficiality, carelessness (A Bed 75, In the Rain and Sun, A Line etc). But at the same
time it would be wrong to label Toomik's work as social manifestation.
His work reflects rather the
loneliness of a creator, his braveness not to be recognized in public, to be a human being
and an artist just as life has shaped him.
The video "Father and Son"
is created in 1995. Although it is one of his most frequently shown artworks in the world,
the audience of Pärnu can see it for the first time. Skating naked on the frozen bay of
the sea, the artist is especially open-minded in his self portrayal.
The heading does not say if the
skater is the father or the son. But let's have a more attentive look at the screen and
maybe we recognize that both can be hidden in one person.
Kaljo Põllu is born in 1934 in
The artist has graduated as a
schoolmaster (the Pedagogical School of Haapsalu 1949-53) and worked as a teacher at
Külitse in Tartu region. As a young man Kaljo Põllu was not quite sure in his choice of
profession and so he began to study choir conducting at Tartu Music School. In 1956-62 he
studied glasswork at the Estonian Academy of Arts. During 1962-1975 the artist worked as
the director of the Art Studio of Tartu University.
At the same period he was the leader
of art group called "Visarid". Since 1975 he teaches drawing at the Estonian
Academy of Arts. He has made about ten expeditions to the Fenno Ugric peoples in Siberia
and in the Nordic countries. Kaljo Põllu is one of the pioneers of Estonian op-art and
has remained loyal to this painting style. Now he is leading an artists' group named
"Ydi" and he works as a freelancer graphic artist in Tallinn.
Kaljo Põllu has brought some colour
into the black and white mythological fenno-ugric graphics in his new mezzotint series. To
be quite true, his colouring is subdued but it can't be said about the erotic elements...
Lembit Sarapuu was born in 1930 in
He studied painting at the Estonian
Academy of Arts (1955-61).
Lembit Sarapuu has worked as an art
teacher at the 18th Secondary School of Tallinn as well as the Tallinn Pedagogical
Now he lives in Tallinn and works as
His solo exhibitions have been held
in Tallinn, Tartu, Helsinki. The most important international exhibitions where he has
shown his work: A Midsummer Night’s Dream – Rauma Biennale 1994, Tallinn-Moscow 1996,
Personal Time – Warsaw, Petersburg 1996, Painting Triennial Sofia 1996.
Lembit Sarapuu is one of the most
important mythologists of postmodernist Estonian art.
His deep interest in hellenic
mythology, good knowlegde about the old Estonian beliefs and love of the stories of
Kalevipoeg has paved way to the birth of the paintings where the beliefs of the two far
Characterizing Sarapuu's artwork, art
critic Reet Varblane has hit the nail on the head: "Sarapuu's art manipulates with
the body as a natural means of cognition: the body feels, sees, hears, smells, senses and
perceives the world.
Psycho-analytically, the body can be
interpreted through the narcissist self-centredness – admiration and identification with
any other body."
In recent years Sarapuu has been
modest in carrying on with the myths and legends. That is why we show mainly his artwork
from the collections of Tallinn Art Hall and the Estonian Art Museum.
Kauri Kallas (Estonia)
Kauri Kallas was born in 1976 in
Tallinn. He got his basic education at Pärnu-Jaagupi and graduated from secondary school
at Kilingi-Nõmme. Painting became his favourite subject at the art studio of
At the Estonian Art Academy he
studied ceramics. "Magic Bolls" is his diploma work. It was completed in the
spring of 2004 and got the maximum grade "A".
The artist wants to say that a human
being should investigate his/her inner mind. There is no sense in looking for perfection
from the outer world. Perfection is hidden in every persons own heart.
The author of the sound composition
of the installation is Kaido Kirikmäe (born in 1973 at Türi)
Ilme and Riho Kuld (Estonia)
Ilme Kuld (born in 1938 at Mooste)
and Riho Kuld (born in 1936 in Tallinn), have both graduated from the Estonian Art Academy
and work as freelance sculptors. athey are the authors of many nationally recognized
artworks. The first ones to come into mind are Riho Kuld's "Radio Dove" at the
facade of Estonian Radio and Ilme Kuld's "Care" over the main entrance of the
family doctors' centre in Pärnu.
In recent years they both have worked
and exhibited their work at many international sculpture symposions in France, Italy,
Spain, Austria, Finland and elsewhere.
At "Man and Woman" they
exhibit two of their sculptures. Ilme Kuld's bronze figure "The 21st Century" is
completed in 1994 and Riho Kuld's "Spurt" was cast in bronze in 1985.
There is reason enough for Riho Kuld
to consider himself to be a citizen of Pärnu, because he studied at the Pärnu Lydia
Koidula Secondary School under the guidance of an art teacher Meeta Viks.